Education

Education in the United States

1635
Boston latin school
1837
Horace mann
1852
Mann + edward everett adopt prussiam educational model.
First mandatory attendance law
1856
First kindergarten
1864
First public education support by federal government
1911
First montissori school
1916
IQ test introduced
1917
Army Alpha+Beta Tests – Robert Yorkes
1920
High school is common.
Progressive education model
1924
Gestalt theory – max Wertheimer
1926
SAT – Army Alpha Test
1930
29 mil. In public schools
1954
Brown v. board of education
1958
Russian sputnik. National defense act gives federal funding to bolster math + science
1969
Herbert kohl – the open classroom
1970
Ivan illich – deschooling society
1976
Education a fundamental right under constitution
1992
First charter school
2001
No child left behind act

TYPES:
Home school – 1.7%
Private school
Public school – 85%

Elementary School (Primary Education)
Kindergarten – 5th grade
Ages: 5/6 – 10/11
Basic subjects: math, science, social studies, English, physical education, fine arts, and reading.

Hierarchy:
+dissemination of information
Government
US Dept. of Education
Federal-laws
State-standards
Local
School Board
School District
Determines curriculum, textbooks, and standards.
Principal
Teacher
Student

6 hrs per day
5 days per week
175-185 days per year
3.6mil. Ea. grade

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